A new research has unveiled that weight loss surgery known as bariatric surgery can dramatically avert the risk of type-2 diabetes.
Monitoring some 5,000 obese adults revealed an association between weight loss surgery and a drop in type-2 diabetes.
The research team recruited two groups of obese adults closely matched for age, sex and BMI, including one group that underwent weight loss surgery and one group that did not.
They looked at the development of type-2 diabetes in both groups within the maximum follow-up period, about seven years.
The study has suggested a reduction in diabetes risk in both men and women due to surgery, across age groups.
A study on 2,167 obese adults who had weight loss surgery indicated an 80% reduction in type-2 diabetes, according to the results published in the Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology journal.
“Weight loss surgery may reduce the risk of developing diabetes in people who are morbidly obese (with an average BMI of 43) compared with no surgery,” researchers concluded.
These findings are mainly applicable to those with a very high BMI (over 40); however, the study unveiled that results at lower BMIs (30 to 35) were positive, but did not have statistical significance, researchers explained.
Diabetes is an incurable condition in which the body cannot control blood sugar levels, because of problems with the hormone insulin.
In type-2 diabetes, either the pancreas cells do not make enough insulin, or the body’s cells do not react properly to it. This is known as insulin resistance.
An earlier study, which focused on South Asian cultures, demonstrated that changes in diet and activity among the families granted them with losing weight and consequently lowering their risk of type-2 diabetes.