Vitamin D is among the most important vitamins for good health.
Unlike other vitamins, it is not necessary to get Vitamin D from food since our own bodies produce it, according to Iran Dailyˈs Monday edition.
A main source of Vitamin D is exposure of the skin to sunlight. This is a good thing since most foods lack or contain very little vitamin D naturally.
Zahra Abdollahi, head of the Health Ministryˈs Department for Improving Nutrition said some 80 percent of Iranians suffer from Vitamin D deficiency.
She said that Health Ministry believes that Vitamin D enriched food should be made available to the people, noting that Vitamin D drops can be given to children below two years of age.
Lack of microelements is among the most important nutrition problems faced by Iranians, she pointed out.
ˈA plan has been devised to fortify flour with zinc since zinc deficiency is also very common among Iranians,ˈ she said.
Vitamin D is important for good health, growth and strong bones.
Most foods contain very little Vitamin D naturally, though some are fortified with added Vitamin D. A mild lack of Vitamin D may not cause symptoms but can bring about tiredness and general aches and pains.
A more severe lack can cause serious problems such as rickets (in children) and osteomalacia (in adults). Treatment is with Vitamin D supplements. Some people are more at risk of Vitamin D deficiency, and so are recommended to take supplements routinely. These include all pregnant and breastfeeding women, all infants and young children aged six months to five years, people aged 65 and over, and people who are not exposed to much sun. A doctor may also recommend routine supplements for certain people with darker skin, and for people with certain gut, liver or kidney diseases.